The Bibliometric Research Indicator (BFI)

25% of the new basic research funds are distributed to the Danish universities following the Bibliometric Research Indicator (BFI). The BFI is calculated on the basis of what is recorded in Pure. Therefore, it is important that all research publications are submitted to Pure.

Yearly deadline

The deadline for registering publications in Pure is January 15 - on this date, all publications from last year must be registered in Pure so that the publications can be validated before March 1. These deadlines are related to the University's annual report on March 1. On June 15th, the publications will be harvested for BFI. From March 1st to June 15th, validated publications will undergo further quality assurance by AU Pure

Read more about important dates on the page Pure Annual Cycle.

Point system

Point eligible categories

Registrations in these categories are potentially eligible for points in BFI.

Research and commissioned:

  • Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaper
    • Journal article
    • Conference article
    • Letter
    • Review
  • Book/anthology/dissertation/report
    • Book
    • Report
    • Doctorial thesis
  • Contribution to book/anthology/dissertation/report
    • Book chapter
    • Article in proceedings
    • Report chapter
  • Patent

For all categories, except 'Patent', a publications also have to be peer-reviewed before it can be eligible for BFI points.

Link to Guidelines for registering research for the Danish Bibliometric Research Indicator

Implementation of Level 3 (2018)

Level 3 is a new level (valid from publication year 2018) that triggers more points than level 2. The expert groups can choose to nominate some excellent series to the highest level 3, which triggers the most points to publish in. Unlike Level 2, which applies for the following two years, Level 3 will apply for the following four years.
The expert groups have the option of setting level 1, 2 and 3 levels for the first time in autumn 2017.

BFI points per level

In BFI, series (journals and book series) are divided into 3 levels, publishers are divided into 2 levels. The higher the level a channel has, the more BFI points trigger a publication published in the channel. The BFI levels reward researchers who publish in the most prestigious channels within their field of study.

Publishers can be leveled at level 1 (normal level) and level 2 (high level).

Series can be leveled at level 1 (normal level), level 2 (high level) and an optional level 3 (excellent). Each channel has attached a statement of the average number of research publications in one year, in the BFI context called World Production. The number of series that can be on levels 1, 2 and possibly 3, is determined on the basis of the percentage of world output per professional group. The percentages can be seen here:

Share of world productionLevel 1Level 2Level 3
2 levels77,5%22,5%-
3 levels80%17,5%2,5%

Series and publishers are scored every other year with regards to level 1 and level 2. Level 3 is fairly stable and is only modified every four years. Committee submit suggestions regarding series to BFI who determines the final level assignment.

Point per type and level

Publications that meet the BFI's requirements for research publications trigger points. Here you can see the amount of points given to the different forms of publications included in the bibliometric research indicator:

Publication typeLevel 1Level 2 Level 3
Book from publisher58-
Book from bookseries588
Book chapter from publisher0,52-
Article in journal, series and conference proceedings 135

Doctoral thesis and patents don't have levels and are given points like this:

Doctoral thesis5

Link to the BFI lists

Economic importance and distribution of funds

The Bibliometric Research Indicator (BFI) was launched in 2009 and is based on a political agreement on the distribution of new block grants for research to universities to universities. In 2012, where the bibliometric research indicator is fully phased in the model, it allocates 25% of the new block grants.

How much is a point worth?

Allocation of block grants is a complex process, and AU Pure cannot predict how much funding a given publication and BFI point(s), triggers.

First and foremost, the point value itself depends on how much new block research funding is included in the Finance Act during the earning year and the total number of points earned at the universities during the earning year. In addition, the pool of new basic research funds is divided into four - one for each main academic area.

This means that the point value varies not only from year to year, but also across the four main areas each earning year. In addition, the allocation of points is fractionated by collaboration between researchers from different universities and collaborative publications are rewarded by a small increase in point value.

If you have any further questions, please contact the BFI Secretariat under the Ministry of Education and Research.

How are the funds distributed?

The funds are allocated at university level and the Ministry of Education and Research recommends that the funds are not distributed further in the individual organisation (eg institutes and/or individuals) based on the BFI model.

Read more

On the Ministry of Higher Education and Sciences website, you can read more about the background and purpose of the BFI.