Peer Review

Peer review is used in research to ensure the quality of a research product. A publication is peer reviewed when there exists a professional assessment of the publication by fellow researches prior to inclusion in a journal, etc. Peer review can be anonymous or can be conducted, for instance, by an editorial committee. The exact form will depend on the research tradition of the relevant discipline.

The steering committee for the bibliometric research indicator (BFI), in collaboration with the academic committee, have drafted the definition of peer review the indicator uses.

Peer evaluation of a manuscript implies that a written assessment has been produced demonstrating its academic quality.


In addition, the following requirements are made of peer review:

  1. Peer evaluation is always done before publishing
  2. At least one assessor must be external to the publisher/institution
  3. Assessors should be researchers or equivalent
  4. The assessment must relate to the originality and academic quality of the work

See more about the individual requirements at the Ministry of Higher Education and Science’s website under Peer Review

It is the researcher's responsibility to provide peer review correctly. The validator does have a responsibility to make the researcher aware of any errors or ambiguities in the registration. If there is any doubt/disagreement about the peer review status, the ultimate responsibility lies with the department.